Hierapolis – Pamukkale

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 9.12.1988 List Reference: 485 Criteria: Natural/ Cultural   SACRED LAND CLAD IN WHITE According to the legend that spread the mystery of Hierapolis to the wide world, an ugly shepherd girl, fed Click More »

Göreme National Park and the Rock Site of Cappadocia

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1985 List Reference: 357 Criteria:Natural/ Cultural   DESIGNED BY NATURE: CAPPADOCIA Cappadocia, which was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985 on natural and cultural criteria, Is situated at a Click More »

Selimiye Mosque and it’s Social Complex

EDIRNE Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 27.06.2011 List Reference: 1366 Criteria : Cultural A Master work of Classical Ottoman Architecture Edirne was the capital of the Ottoman Empire prior to the Click More »

Nemrut Mountain

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1987 List Reference: 448 Criteria: Cultural   THE SUN RISES AND SETS WITH A UNIQUE MAJESTY AT NEMRUT MOUNTAIN! The Nemrut mountain side with the tumulus containing the tomb of King Antiochus Click More »

Historic Areas of Istanbul

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1985 List Reference: 356 Criteria: Cultural   Love of Continents: ISTANBUL The historical areas of Istanbul, which has been the capital of three great empires, were inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage Click More »

Hattusa The Capital City of Hittites

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 28.11.1986 List Reference: 377 Criteria: Cultural   OPEN-AIR MUSEUM Hattusha, which was the capital of the Hittite Empire during antiquity, has been in the List of World Heritage since 1986 on cultural Click More »

Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1985   List Reference: 358 Criteria: Cultural     THE MOSQUE WHERE STONES WERE DRESSED WITH LOVE   The first Turkish building inscribed to UNESCO’s World Heritage List, the Great Mosque and Click More »

City of Safranbolu

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 17.12.1994 List Reference: 614 Criteria: Cultural   ORIGINAL EXAMPLE OF THE TRADITIONAL Safranbolu, an Anatolian city that brings history to life through its mosques, market, neighbourhoods, streets and original houses, was inscribed Click More »

Turkey in World Heritage

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Hatay

Hatay: Located at Turkey’s southern tip, Hatay is a center of civilization abounding in historical and cultural legacies in every corner. The city is positioned at the geographical location connecting Anatolia the Middle East and has an incomparable historical heritage Click More »

Sakarya

Sakarya: is one of Turkey’s fastest developing cities surrounded by a lush green landscape abounding in natural wonders. With a history dating back to the 8th century, the city has been one of the main settlements of major empires.  Naturally, Click More »

Van

Van: Turkey’s sixth largest city and cultural legacy rich in history, monuments, natural beauty and unique flavors One of the border cities of Turkey, Van welcomes visitors from all over the world particularly for its culture and winter tourism. The Click More »

Rize

Rize is blessed with the most beautiful nature that has been preserved over the centuries. The fresh air of Rize has a regenerative effect on you with every breath you take. Located in the greenest area of Turkey, the Eastern Click More »

Turkey Outlets and cheap shopping addresses

Turkey Outlets and cheap shopping addresses in Turkey Shopping is an indispensable part of our daily life. Outlet shops have become the addresses for cheaper shopping. Many brands manufacture cheaper products especially for their outlets. List of some outlet center Click More »

Balıkesir

Balıkesir: Blessed with numerous islands where lush green forests stretch along the shores of the infinite sea, Balıkesir province is also the habitat of abundant olive groves. Founded by the Mysians in ancient times, Balıkesir has been one of the Click More »

Amasya

Amasya:  The city where the Sultans’ sons were educated and the legendary city where Ferhad had to mine the mountains to reunite with his beloved Shirin, Amasya has been one of the major cities of many civilizations since the ancient Click More »

Mersin

Mersin Mersin: One of the warmest and most beautiful cities of the Mediterranean region that can be visited for its authentic flavors and beautiful beaches any time of the year. Mersin is one of the most developed cities of the Click More »

Burdur

Burdur Burdur: Located in the western part of the Mediterranean Region, Burdur is a major city where scenic beauties meet with historical archaeology Settled for the first time in 7000 BC, Burdur has been home to many civilizations and ancient Click More »

Yalova

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Karabük

Karabük Karabük is situated on an important trade route between Amasra on the coast and central Anatolia. Karabük is a town and the capital district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Karabük was built in the 1930s as the seat of the iron and steel Click More »

 

Ephesus

Ephesus; one of the most important regions of Izmir and Turkey and the most famous Greek city of the ancient times with a heritage dating back to 6 thousand BC


The ancient city of Ephesus located close to Seljuk, a district of Izmir was established near to Küçük Menderes river during the Neolithic period.


As one of the most important 12 cities of the classical Greek period, Ephesus was a crucial religious center for both Paganism and Christianity. Today, it is still possible to see the relicss belonging to this period.


Thanks to its fertile lands and its position as a gateway of trade between East and West, Ephesus became one of the most important cities of antiquity and retained its value throughout the centuries.


Another factor that makes this site important is that the largest temple of Artemis is located in Ephesus. The cult of Artemis was a variation of the ancient cult of the Anatolian mother goddess Cybele.


Together with Milet, Ephesus was one of the two most important centers of science, art and culture. The ancient site was the birthplace of many prominent names such as the philosopher Heraclitus, the diviner Artemidorus, the poets Callinus and Hipponax, the grammarian Zenodotus, and the physicians Soranus and Rufus.


Part of the ancient city was destroyed by an earthquake in AD 614 while the other part remained fairly well preserved until the present day. Just like Izmir, Ephesus is rather hot and dry in the summer and mild and rainy in the winter as typical of an area with a Mediterranean climate.

Ephesus is waiting for all travel enthusiasts who want to explore the cradle of civilization and its incomparable architecture!

Attractions


Ephesus is the site of the most beautiful examples of ancient and natural architecture well preserved until the present day. The ancient city welcomes visitors from all over the world every year.
Established for the first time 8000 years ago, the antique city was restored several times even progressing further every time.
The amazing structures, majestic pillars and columns, the library, the streets and the temple, constructed with a view and technique ahead of the time, carry the deepest traces of the history of ancient times.
The Temple of Artemis, one of the most important monuments of Ephesus, retains its value as one of the Seven Wonders of the World since the ancient times.
The most important feature of this great temple is that it belongs to the Hellenistic period and is the first and largest structure entirely made of marble. Today, only few blocks of the temple are left. Yet, the structure still reflects its ancient glory as in the old times.
The Library of Celsius, on the other hand, is a structure of the Roman period that was both a library and mausoleum. Constructed with a technique ahead of its time, to preserve valuable books, this great library was built in the name of Gaius Celsus Polemaenos by his son and bears also Celsus’s tomb.
Saint John Cathedral which is one of the finest examples of Seljukian architecture was established by using the stone columns from the Temple of Artemis and Ephesus. Visitors of Ephesus should not leave before seeing the earliest example of both Turkish mosques with courtyards and Anatolian style mosques with columns.
Another site of Ephesus is the St John’s Basilica built in honor of St. John by Byzantine Emperor Justinian in the 6th century. It is assumed that the six-doomed basilica harbors also the tomb of St. John. The largest structure of the period, the basilica is located in Ayasuluk and of great importance to Christians.
The Magnesia Gate, Eastern Gymnasium, Odeon, State Agora, Prytaneion, Memmius Monument, House of Love, Hillside Houses, Theater, Ayasuluk Castle are among the other well-known structures of Ephesus still intact in the present day.
Of utmost importance to Christianity, the House of Virgin Mary, where Virgin Mary took shelter together with St. John after the death of Christ is located at Bülbüldağı. The House is situated amidst a majestic forest in pristine nature and is supposedly the site where Mary had lived until she died.
According to legend, prior to the legalization of Christianity, seven young people running away from the persecution of pagans took shelter in a cave and slept there for two centuries. The site was later on referred to as the site of Seven Sleepers and turned into a mausoleum in memory of the sleepers.  The ruins of four-layered structure of the monument are partially preserved.
Enthusiasts of ancient civilizations should definitely not miss the opportunity to explore the fabulous monuments of ancient times!

Events


Ephesus, which has been the most important cultural center for centuries, is also the venue of major festivals.
The Seljuk Ephesus Culture and Art Festival is held in September each year to introduce the historical heritage of the region to the world.
Apart from that, audiences listening to the concerts performed amidst the magical and historical atmosphere of the ancient theatre of Ephesus leave the site with unforgettable memories.
Indeed, holiday makers who want to connect with the ancient times are more than welcome in Ephesus!

How can I get there?


One of the most important ancient cities of history, Ephesus is within easy reach of Aydin and Izmir.
There are direct flights to Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport from many destinations around the world. Shuttles and other means of transportation stationed outside of the airport gate will be in your service to take you to Ephesus.
Ephesus is 3 km away from Seljuk near to Izmir and on the route of many bus companies as it is situated on one of the major intersections of the area. The site can be reached easily via transportation vehicles that leave from the central bus sation in Izmir and Aydin.
Furthermore, it is possible to get to Ephesus by getting on a minibus from Seljuk district terminal to Ephesus or by renting a bicycle in Seljuk whereby you will have the chance to explore the local area.
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