Turkey Outlets and cheap shopping addresses

Turkey Outlets and cheap shopping addresses in Turkey Shopping is an indispensable part of our daily life. Outlet shops have become the addresses for cheaper shopping. Many brands manufacture cheaper products especially for their outlets. List of some outlet center Click More »

Balıkesir

Balıkesir: Blessed with numerous islands where lush green forests stretch along the shores of the infinite sea, Balıkesir province is also the habitat of abundant olive groves. Founded by the Mysians in ancient times, Balıkesir has been one of the Click More »

Amasya

Amasya:  The city where the Sultans’ sons were educated and the legendary city where Ferhad had to mine the mountains to reunite with his beloved Shirin, Amasya has been one of the major cities of many civilizations since the ancient Click More »

Mersin

Mersin Mersin: One of the warmest and most beautiful cities of the Mediterranean region that can be visited for its authentic flavors and beautiful beaches any time of the year. Mersin is one of the most developed cities of the Click More »

Burdur

Burdur Burdur: Located in the western part of the Mediterranean Region, Burdur is a major city where scenic beauties meet with historical archaeology Settled for the first time in 7000 BC, Burdur has been home to many civilizations and ancient Click More »

Yalova

Yalova: Surrounded by the Marmara Sea, Yalova is a peaceful and relaxing city rich in thermal springs and abundant nature. It is estimated that Yalova was founded in the 7th century BC by Bithynians from Thrace. Yalova is rich in Click More »

Karabük

Karabük Karabük is situated on an important trade route between Amasra on the coast and central Anatolia. Karabük is a town and the capital district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Karabük was built in the 1930s as the seat of the iron and steel Click More »

Photo Gallery

PICTURES OF TURKEY    Follow We Recommend: No related posts. Click More »

Museums

The unequaled works of art and remains belonging to the many civilizations and societies that left their mark in Turkey are preserved across the centuries to welcome today’s visitors. Shedding light into history, far and recent, this legacy is well-preserved Click More »

Winter Sports

Turkey, which attracts the attention with different scenic beauties every season, offers the most beautiful ski slopes in winter. The Skiing centers of Anatolia welcome many winter sports enthusiasts and offer slopes that are suitable for a variety of winter Click More »

Water Sports

The crossroads of Europe and Asia surrounded by the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, and Aegean and Marmara seas, Turkey is the heart of water sports. Turkey is a peninsula awaiting its visitors to explore the seas of magnificently unique regions. Click More »

Outdoor Sports

For the active tourist Turkey has many mountains that offer winter sport activities . The mountains offer wonderful winter sports like skiing, mountain climbing and hiking. Enjoy the winter sports by checking out some of the to climbing sites such Click More »

Alternative Tourism

Alternative tourism options appeal to a wide range of holiday makers who are looking for options other than the classic holiday! Turkey offers a variety of alternatives and services ranging from eco-tourism as a means to commune with nature to Click More »

Antique Cities

Home to the world’s earliest settlements and numerous civilizations ranging from the tiniest of communities to the greatest of empires, Anatolia invites you to discover its ancient cities. Aphrodisias With a history dating back to 5000 BC, the ancient city Click More »

Ephesus

Ephesus Ephesus; one of the most important regions of Izmir and Turkey and the most famous Greek city of the ancient times with a heritage dating back to 6 thousand BC The ancient city of Ephesus located close to Seljuk, Click More »

Alanya

Alanya Alanya; one of nature’s most generous regions located by in front of the Toros mountains by the Mediterranean Sea and the hub of many civilizations throughout the centuries Located on a peninsula reaching into the in the Mediterranean Sea, Click More »

Uzungöl

Uzungöl Uzungöl: Located within the province of Trabzon, one of the most beautiful cities of Eastern Black Sea Region, Uzungöl, with its lush green nature and calm water, peacefully lies within a valley.   Uzungöl is the lake that also Click More »

Historical Peninsula

Historical Peninsula Historical Peninsula: A historical region which has flourished over the centuries since its earliest settlement, the Historical Peninsula hosts invaluable monuments of bygone civilizations. Also called Suriçi (Walled City) the area was founded in 685 BC and named Click More »

Selçuk

Selçuk Selçuk:  Center of many civilizations since ancient times, both sacred and historic region and the open air museum of Izmir. Selçuk, with a history dating back to 6000 BC, abounds in valuable artifacts illustrative of the culture and architecture Click More »

Safranbolu

Safranbolu Safranbolu:  A dreamy town of historical significance, Safranbolu is located in the Black Sea Region and inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Mentioned in Homer’s Iliad, Safranbolu, with a history dating back to ancient times, has been one Click More »

 
RAFTING

As interest in nature oriented tourism activities rises, sports practiced without harming nature has gained importance. Rafting is one of such sport.

For centuries mankind has been attracted by the beauty of rivers and turned them into sources of life. Today, he is in need of challenging their exuberance, pitting body and mind against this natural force.

The birth of rafting doubtlessly began when man first grasped a branch floating on a river. Today, it is a popular sport in the Western world, practiced in rapid rivers with 4 to 12 people on inflated boats made of thick latex material, navigating them requires a combination of strength, presence of mind and physical and psychological endurance. The only protection the sportsmen have in this struggle against nature is life vests and helmets.

Arriving at the goal is the ultimate fulfillment after struggling against the wild current of a river. Witnessing the unspoiled nature of the river and it’s banks is the greatest pleasure that one experiences with rafting.

Many rivers in Turkey are suitable for rafting and canoe sports. Besides the river Coruh, the Firtina, Berta, Barhal, Oltu and Harsit Rivers in the Black Sea Region and the Göksu, Köprücay, Manavgat and Dragon Rivers, as well as the Cehennem Stream in the Mediterranean Region are excellent routes.

Rafting is practiced with no harm to nature and without leading to over construction or pollution – It is truly nature friendly.

The Great Adventure, the Most Exciting of Sports…

Speleological Potential Of Turkey

About one third of Turkey is underlain by carbonate rocks. The intense karstification is spread almost all over Turkey. It is found particularly in the regions of the Taurus Mountain Range, in Northwest Anatolia, in Konya closed basin and in Southeastern Anatolia. Karstification is present both at high altitudes (over 2000 m.) and also it is known to exist at elevations below the sea level, such as Ovacik submarine springs, Kas – Kalkan submarine springs and the Mediterranean region coastal springs.

Turkey is thoroughly located in the Mediterranean sector of the Alpine orogenic belt. The Alpine orogeny and the following epirogenic movements in Turkey have been important factors in karstification.

According to Eroskay and Günay (1979), four karst regions can be differentiated in Turkey Taurus region, Central Anatolia region Southern Anatolia region, and Northwest Anatolia and Thrace region.

TAURUS REGION: This is the most important and largest karst region in Turkey. Taurus mountain ridges can be identified as the Alp’s extension in Anatolia. It begins at the Aegean coast, continues through northeast of the Mediterranean sea to Iran and over eastern Anatolia. In this region between the Mediterranean coast and central Anatolia the width of carbonate units is mostly 200 km along the Taurus mountains, and the peaks of the sharp limestone hills are as high as 2500-3000 meters. The stratigraphy of the region contains different units from Cambrian to recent age. There are some parotocton metamorphits. Mesozoic limestones and dolomites occur in over 1000 m. thick layers. The evolution of the ophiolitic melange in the Late Cretaceous exists as an impervious base or cover according to the stratigraphical and structural position of the carbonate units. Important caves mostly exist along these contact lines.

CENTRAL ANATOLIA REGION: Central Anatolian region, which is located in the north of Taurus belt, seems a typical closed basin, morphologically bounded with high mountains. The average elevation is around 1200 m. The recrystallized hard limestones of Jurrasic and Crataceous age, which bounded the basin on the south and west, are the extension of Taurus. The ophiolite settlement in the late Crataceous overlies the older carbonate units. The Neogene units, which cover large areas in the basin, are mostly on ophiolitic basement. Sometimes they are in contact with older limestones. Neogene limestone is locally called as Obruk limestone. The collapsed dolines in the basin which are called obruk, are the typical karst features.

SOUTHEAST ANATOLIA REGION: Considering the regional geology at the south of the Taurus belt, marginal folds and stable platforms units have been differentiated. In the marginal folds belt, karst has been developed mostly in the Midyat limestone of Eocen age. Gercüs or older impervious units underlie the Midyat limestone, as Korudag uplift. Sometimes carbonates of Mardin group of Cretaceous age crop out. Stable platform units are located at the south of marginal folds. It is the typical plateau-shaped smooth area of southeast Anatolia. In these region, large caves like the Taurus belt are rare.

NORTHWEST ANATOLIA AND THRACE REGION: In these region, limestone blocks covers limited areas when compared with other regions. In the Thrace part, Eocen limestone which lies along the southern margin of Istranca massif, Aegean part, Permian- Mesozoic limestones which overlie the older metamorphic massifs and Western Black Sea part Jurassic-Cretaceous flysch formations are important karstic units.

Extracted from Günay – Eroskay (1979).

TURKISH CAVE RESEARCH ASSOCIATION

“Turkish Cave Research Association” has been established on April 1964. Activities has been carried under basic principles and aims such as general research, classification, scientific studies and touristic visits. Between the years 1964 – 1980 while representation of Turkey has been made at the international speleology platforms, also research activities has been undertaken with the French, Italian and English. In the meantime, as the Association we have participated in the activities carried at Cennet, Cehennem, Insuyu, Narlikuyu, Damlatas and Yalandünya caves to be opened to tourism. After 1980, researches were made with more weight given to the sports side of caving. During this term, more than fifty caves have been taken under research, maps have been prepared and the majority of these researches and activities has been published in the Association’s bulletin. Furthermore, these activities have been made public through the exhibitions and meeting, conferences and with this aim, together with the Turkish Radio Television-TRT – Documentary of the Turkish Caves; Altinbesik, Indere, Tulumtas caves documentary programmes has been prepared. Right now, activities are being carried at the Central Taurus mountain region range.

DIRECTORATE OF THE INSTITUTE OF MINERAL RESEARCH

The Cave Research Project, operating since 1979 under the Directorate of the Institute of Mineral Research (M.T.A.), has completed the study of 150 caves of various sizes, despite shortages in personnel and equipment. The goal of the project is to determine the economical potential of caves rather than discovering the largest ones. The other aim is to form an inventory of Turkish caves. In accordance with the goals mentioned above, most of the research is concentrated in touristical areas or in karstic regions affected by water shortage.

BOSPHORUS UNIVERSITY CAVE RESEARCH CLUB (BUMAK)

is a club formed by the students of the university. Activities are pursued on both sportive and scientific aspects of speleology for over 16 years. Though their study focuses mostly on the Zonguldak – Kastamonu region. They are also exploring and surveying caves in other regions of Turkey. Until now, over 80 unknown caves are explored.

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