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Pamukkale (Hierapolis)

Pamukkale: Shaped by the hand of nature and extant since the ancient times, Pamukkale is one of the world’s most outstanding legacies.


Located in the province of Denizli this natural wonder is comprised of terraces and travertine formed by hot springs and streams depositing carbonate
minerals. Pamukkale has gained eminence for its waters believed to have curative powers and been used as a thermal bath since centuries. Noted for its extraordinary characteristics, the ancient site has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.


Located near
to Pamukkale, Hierapolis was established in 200 BC by Eumenes II in dedication to the Amazon Queen Hiera, wife of Telephos the founder of Pergamum. Moreover, Hierapolis is an ancient cite that attracts worldwide attention for its majestic buildings and monuments.


The ancient city of
Hierapolis has lost its Hellenistic façade as a result of a series of earthquakes and gained a new facade reflecting the influences of Roman architecture during the reconstruction period.


Among the major cities
of the Byzantine period, Pamukkale became a crucial site to Christianity after one of the apostles of Jesus; St Phillip was murdered in this city.


The city which fell under the rule of the Turks in the 9th century still preserves its value and significance as on its very first day.


Welcoming thousands of
visitors for its ancient monuments and natural wonders every year, Pamukkale is waiting to welcome you as well!

Attractions


Pamukkale, is a natural wonder and one of the world’s most valuable ancient sites that has flourished with the civilizations it has hosted.
A natural phenomena bringing together the thermal waters of Lycos (Çürüksu) Valley with the travertine resulting from environmental factors and chemical reactions, Pamukkale, has attracted attention for its healing waters for thousands of years. In addition, the site fascinates visitors with its nebulous view.
The region is home to 17 thermal springs with temperatures ranging between 35 and 100 degrees. Rich in minerals the thermal waters pass through a 320-meters-long channel reach the top of the travertine and eventually fill and overflow the multilayered structure of the travertine.
Looking at this natural wonder from a distance, viewers will immediately notice the white cottony view of Pamukkale. Getting closer to the magnificent structure one can discern the gently flowing waters of the multilayered travertine and inhale the fresh air while observing the beautiful radiance of these white terraces when the sun shines. Swimming in the thermal waters of Pamukkale, believed to be the cure for many diseases, you will feel as if you are gliding above the clouds.
Located at the entrance to the ancient city of Hierapolis, Frontius Street is 1 km long and 14 m wide. There are houses and shops on both sides of the street that divides the city into two halves. The street is adorned with monumental gates situated at the entrance and end of the street. The Northern Byzantine Gate supported by two towers, serves as the city’s entrance gate. The Southern Byzantine Gate, on the other hand, attracts the attention for its structure made of travertine blocks and marble.
Surrounded by fortified walls during the Roman period, the settlement impresses visitors the most with its great Bath Complex illustrating the Roman architecture of the times. The vaulted rooms of the bath have been turned into museums and opened to visitation nowadays.
Also, the majestic theater of Hierapolis is still largely intact. The antique theater, constructed within a time span of 150 years, is one of the most original Roman theaters of the Mediterranean in regard of its unique architecture.
The St. Philip Martyrium was erected in memory of St. Philip who was one of Jesus’s disciples and killed in Hieropolis. Comprised of many small chapels the octagonal structure was built to serve as a religious and spiritual sanctuary.
In addition, Hieropolis is home to a variety of structures of worship such as Direkli Church and some cathedrals. The Agora Gate and Nympheum in addition to the monumental fountains and water channels are among the further ancient monuments located in Hieropolis.
In addition to sightseeing, visitors can spare some time for relaxation and enjoy the healing touch of nature by taking mud baths, or swimming in the thermal springs and healing waters.
Pamukkale is awaiting its visitors to explore its natural and historical landmarks.

Events


One of the world’s most important heritage sites, Pamukkale is also the venue of international festivals and special events.

The International Pamukkale Music and Culture Festival, held in September each year, brings together many world famous artists and bands with guests from all over the world.
The International Folk Dance Festival held in at the ancient theater of Pamukkale serves as an international platform for cultural interaction and development.
Many more concerts and activities taking place amidst the scenic and historical landscape of Pamukkale are awaiting their visitors!

 

How can I get there?


Located in the Aegean Region, Pamukkale is a district of Denizli province which has highly advanced transportation facilities.
Denizli Çardak Airport is the nearest airport in the region receiving direct flights from nearly all cities in Turkey. The shuttle services and other transportation vehicles stationed outside the exit gates of the airport will take you to Denizli within a short time.
The region is also easily accessible via highway. There are intercity buses from almost all major cities of Turkey to Denizli. Travelers to Pamukkale can take one of the shuttle services leaving from the central bus station in that direction.
Travelers fond of thermal baths and natural wonders where nature blends with history should not miss the opportunity to meet this wonderland!
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