Hierapolis – Pamukkale

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 9.12.1988 List Reference: 485 Criteria: Natural/ Cultural   SACRED LAND CLAD IN WHITE According to the legend that spread the mystery of Hierapolis to the wide world, an ugly shepherd girl, fed Click More »

Göreme National Park and the Rock Site of Cappadocia

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1985 List Reference: 357 Criteria:Natural/ Cultural   DESIGNED BY NATURE: CAPPADOCIA Cappadocia, which was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985 on natural and cultural criteria, Is situated at a Click More »

Selimiye Mosque and it’s Social Complex

EDIRNE Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 27.06.2011 List Reference: 1366 Criteria : Cultural A Master work of Classical Ottoman Architecture Edirne was the capital of the Ottoman Empire prior to the Click More »

Nemrut Mountain

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1987 List Reference: 448 Criteria: Cultural   THE SUN RISES AND SETS WITH A UNIQUE MAJESTY AT NEMRUT MOUNTAIN! The Nemrut mountain side with the tumulus containing the tomb of King Antiochus Click More »

Historic Areas of Istanbul

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1985 List Reference: 356 Criteria: Cultural   Love of Continents: ISTANBUL The historical areas of Istanbul, which has been the capital of three great empires, were inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage Click More »

Hattusa The Capital City of Hittites

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 28.11.1986 List Reference: 377 Criteria: Cultural   OPEN-AIR MUSEUM Hattusha, which was the capital of the Hittite Empire during antiquity, has been in the List of World Heritage since 1986 on cultural Click More »

Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1985   List Reference: 358 Criteria: Cultural     THE MOSQUE WHERE STONES WERE DRESSED WITH LOVE   The first Turkish building inscribed to UNESCO’s World Heritage List, the Great Mosque and Click More »

City of Safranbolu

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 17.12.1994 List Reference: 614 Criteria: Cultural   ORIGINAL EXAMPLE OF THE TRADITIONAL Safranbolu, an Anatolian city that brings history to life through its mosques, market, neighbourhoods, streets and original houses, was inscribed Click More »

Turkey in World Heritage

Unesco World of Heritage List   Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live with today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration.   Click More »

Hatay

Hatay: Located at Turkey’s southern tip, Hatay is a center of civilization abounding in historical and cultural legacies in every corner. The city is positioned at the geographical location connecting Anatolia the Middle East and has an incomparable historical heritage Click More »

Sakarya

Sakarya: is one of Turkey’s fastest developing cities surrounded by a lush green landscape abounding in natural wonders. With a history dating back to the 8th century, the city has been one of the main settlements of major empires.  Naturally, Click More »

Van

Van: Turkey’s sixth largest city and cultural legacy rich in history, monuments, natural beauty and unique flavors One of the border cities of Turkey, Van welcomes visitors from all over the world particularly for its culture and winter tourism. The Click More »

Rize

Rize is blessed with the most beautiful nature that has been preserved over the centuries. The fresh air of Rize has a regenerative effect on you with every breath you take. Located in the greenest area of Turkey, the Eastern Click More »

Turkey Outlets and cheap shopping addresses

Turkey Outlets and cheap shopping addresses in Turkey Shopping is an indispensable part of our daily life. Outlet shops have become the addresses for cheaper shopping. Many brands manufacture cheaper products especially for their outlets. List of some outlet center Click More »

Balıkesir

Balıkesir: Blessed with numerous islands where lush green forests stretch along the shores of the infinite sea, Balıkesir province is also the habitat of abundant olive groves. Founded by the Mysians in ancient times, Balıkesir has been one of the Click More »

Amasya

Amasya:  The city where the Sultans’ sons were educated and the legendary city where Ferhad had to mine the mountains to reunite with his beloved Shirin, Amasya has been one of the major cities of many civilizations since the ancient Click More »

Mersin

Mersin Mersin: One of the warmest and most beautiful cities of the Mediterranean region that can be visited for its authentic flavors and beautiful beaches any time of the year. Mersin is one of the most developed cities of the Click More »

Burdur

Burdur Burdur: Located in the western part of the Mediterranean Region, Burdur is a major city where scenic beauties meet with historical archaeology Settled for the first time in 7000 BC, Burdur has been home to many civilizations and ancient Click More »

Yalova

Yalova: Surrounded by the Marmara Sea, Yalova is a peaceful and relaxing city rich in thermal springs and abundant nature. It is estimated that Yalova was founded in the 7th century BC by Bithynians from Thrace. Yalova is rich in Click More »

Karabük

Karabük Karabük is situated on an important trade route between Amasra on the coast and central Anatolia. Karabük is a town and the capital district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Karabük was built in the 1930s as the seat of the iron and steel Click More »

 

Although there are so much information about the foundation of Ankara the capital city of Turkey, archeological excavations have shown that there had been a prehistorical settlement on Ulus and Kale districts. The city had been called as Ankira, Kankira, Engüru, Angora, Angara for ages. Then it has finally taken its recent name ‘Ankara’. During the excavations of the city there have been brought to light many traces belong to Hittites, Frigyans, Romans, the Byzantines and Hatties (Bronze Age) who had constituted the first united society of Anatolia. At researches accomplished at Gavurkale, it has beeen found that Hittities had been settled mostly in Ankara when they had come to Anatolia. At the excavations carried out in Golbaşi district which is a small town of Ankara, very important findings belong to Hittites and Frigyas have been brought to light. Especially, so much information has been obtained from a necropolis containing rich grave goods. Very important Hittite remnants dated to 1700 – 110 B.C have been brought to light in excavations carried out on settlements such as Karaoglan, Asarcik, Polath, Bitik, Karahoyuk, Yassihoytik, all of which are included in frontiers of Ankara provision. Especially, in Gavurkale at Haymana region mentioned above a stele have been found and so many information has been obtained about the Hittites had lived there.

According to the great historian Heredot, Frigyans originated from Makedonia had taken Kultepe, Bogazkoy, Alacahoyuk and Hattusas. Afterwards the Hittite Empire had been abolished, the Frigyans had turned Ankara into their major settlement area.

The biggest tumulus of Anatolia which had been constructed for the famous Frigya King Midas in 300 meter height on Gordion (today’s Polath) which had been the capital city of Frigya Kingdom, once upon a time.

In 275 B.C., Galats coming from Balkans had settled on Kazan area remaining between Kizihrmak ans Sakarya rivers. Then, tribe of  them Tosogs had moved tp Ankara Region. Today’s Ankara fortress is building that have remained from the period of Galats. In 25 B.C. , in the period of Emperor Augustos, Ankara had become an important Roman metropol, sinceRomans had lost their authority in following ages, it had taken under control by the Byzantines in 270 A.C. After victory of Maziker battle in 1071, Seljuk Turks had penetrated into the inner parts of Middle Anatolia Region, and they had captured Angora City in 1073. After a short time, the city had been taken under control by Emir Gazi the Sir of Danishments. Afterwards, Orhan Gazi the Ottoman Prince had occupied the city and finally I. Murat the Ottoman Prince had added the city into the frontiers of Ottoman Empire. On 28 July 1402, on Cubuk region at near Ankara; there had been a battle field between navy of Mogol Khan Timur and Yildinm Beyazit the Ottoman Prince. At the end of the battle, Ottomans had been defeated and the Ottoman Prince Beyazit and his sons Musa and Mustafa had been taken into prisoner and they had been sent to Ankara Forttress. After a short time from this battle, Mogol Khan Timur and his navy had left fro Ankara, therefore the authority of the city had again passed to the Ottomans. In 1403, Mehmet Celebi the son of Yıldırım Beyazit had declared the power of his authority himself. Then other son Isa Celebi and Stileymen Celebi had declared their authorities sequentially. However, after a silent period, the city had again been passed to the hands of the Ottoman Empire and it had been the center of the area comprising Kirsehir, Corum and Yozgat provinces in Middle Anatolia. Today, Ankara is famous for Ankara goat. Its silky and soft cotton have being transported to Europe and to other countries of the world since XVI. Century A.C.

In 1920, the Ottoman Empire had fallen down. Then Ankara have become the capital city of new Turkey; namely of Turkish Rebuplic.

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